- 551 drug-related overdose deaths last year in Pittsburgh; and a
- 37% increase in overdose deaths in the Pittsburgh area in 2015
- 1 in 5 high school seniors know how to get heroin easily.
- The vast majority of teens do not use heroin. In a 2016 national survey, only 0.3% of 12th graders used heroin in the past year.
- 95.5 percent of 12th graders disapprove of taking heroin occasionally.
- Recent trends indicate that heroin use is increasing among young adults aged 18 to 25. In 2015, over half a million people (12 or older) reported having a heroin use disorder.
Prescription Drug Abuse:
- Prescription opioid analgesics, specifically those containing oxycodone and hydrocodone, are the most common types of prescription drugs that are diverted for misuse and abused.
- Each day in the United States, over 144 people die as a result of a drug overdose.
- In 2015, an estimated 3.8 million people (aged 12 or older) reported current misuse of pain relievers.
- 53% of nonmedical users (12 years or older) reported receiving the prescription drugs they most recently used “from a friend or relative for free.”
An analysis of drug-related overdose deaths in Western Pennsylvania for 2015 identified the following:
- Allegheny County, containing the city of Pittsburgh, reported 326 drug-related overdose deaths in 2015
- This represents a 43 percent increase over a 5-year period (2010-2015).
- Westmoreland County reported 113 drug-related overdose deaths in 2015.
- This represents a 98 percent increase over a 5-year period (2010-2015).
- Washington County reported 66 drug-related overdose deaths in 2015
- 51 percent were classified as a “heroin-related” death.
- The total number of overdose deaths for 2015 represents a 78 percent increase from 2014.
- Butler County reported 46 drug-related overdose deaths in 2015.
- This represents a 35.3 percent increase from 2014.
(U) Figure 1: 2015 Drug-Related Overdose Deaths and Percentage Change from 2014 in Four Western Pennsylvania Counties
Source: Pennsylvania Medical Examiners and Coroners and DEA
1 Source: University of Michigan, 2016 Monitoring the Future Study. View source here.
2 Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, September 2016. View source here.
3 Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Increases in Drug and Opioid-Involved Overdose Deaths — United States, 2010–2015 . View source here.
4 Source: Prescription Drug Use and Misuse in the United States: Results from the 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, September 2016. View source here.